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Research Policy

Higher Education in Albania

The Albanian Higher Education system consists of public and private institutions. Our universities are reformed and structured in accordance with the Bologna Declaration offering the three cycles of studies: bachelor, master and PhD.
The Ministry of Education and Sports is the responsible authority for the assurance of quality standards in the entire institutions of Higher Education.
The admissions to the public Higher Education are based on the system “Merit – Preference” and the performance in State Matura Exams. The Ministry of Education and Sports declares and decides the admissions’ number for every study program in public higher education institutions.
The liberalization of the universities, meaning granting permission to private education institutions, initialized the reformation of the entire education system. The total number of students doubled for 2009-2010 compared to the academic year 2004-2005.
The private higher education institutions should be licensed, upon the order of the Ministry of Education and Sports and the decision of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Albania, and their study programs should be accredited, prior to issuing diplomas, by the Accreditation Council, upon the order of the Ministry of Education and Sports.
The study programs curricula is adopted and reformed in compliance with the standards of Bologna process. The new curricula involves the three cycles of studies; Bachelor, Master and PhD. Starting from 2011, the second and third cycle students, respectively master and PhD students, must pass the exam of the English language, based on the international standardized test.
The Higher Education Institutions encourage the research of the academic personnel, by establishing equilibrium rate between the research and teaching. Based on bilateral and multilateral agreements there is cooperation on research with the private business within the context of National Programs of Research and Development. The governance of universities is adjusted to the extension of autonomy and self-governance. The reduction of student/instructor rate is a priority. The “Bran Gain” and “The Excellency Fund” programs, support the studies and the return home of Albanian graduates, master e PhDse from foreign distinguished universities to work and contribute to our universities, especially to the priority fields based on country’s development strategy.
Undergoing reforms aim:
The capacity extension of the Higher Education system to deal with the speedy increaseof the number of students. It is expected that in 2013, the number of students to increase up to 150 000.
Ensuring the quality is the priority task, in compliance with the European Union standards for Higher Education, through continuous improvements of educational physical infrastructure.
The continues support to increase the number of Albanian students completing their studies in the three cycles of study at the world best universities.
The reformation of the financing system to provide real possibilities for the gradual enhancement of the public private partnership(PPP).
The governance reform of the public Universities to transform them entirely into public universities with broader autonomy.
The financial reform launched for the Higher Education shall have substantial impacts on the concept of university, making the student and the quality of education the central factors in its development.
The basic principle of the financing reform is that public funds “follow the student” only in universities which meet the quality education standards. The mechanism of allocation of public funds of universities its focus on the student; which will benefit from funding based on the choice of program and the university.
The students being beneficiaries of the public financing shall be awarded quotas based on the outcome at the State Matuara exam and the capacities of admissions at the universities.
The public financing per student shall be only for the first cycle of studies (bachelor) as well as for those following up higher education professional studies.
Challenges ahead THE QUALITY of education is the main challenge of the Higher Education system.

  • The adaptation of the study programs towards economic development and job market by increasing the professional and practical skills of students.
  • The financial reform on Higher Education
  • A broader autonomy on the public Institutions of Higher Education.
  • The transformation of regional universities into centers of Regional development, with an active role in the development and promotion of the local communities and their economies. The regional universities apply and get financing for research projects, mainly in the field of applied sciences.

The new system of financing focused on the student requires the public universities to develop new effective and functional ways of management and governance.
The main tasks encountered by universities are:

  • Strategic planning,
  • Management and accountability,
  • Courses and students, and
  • the university personnel.

The management and governance reform is supported by the Government through the “Fund of Strategic Development of the Higher Education Institutions” determining the indicators of financial management and implementing their monitoring system.

National Strategy of Science, Technology and Innovation 2009–2015

Law N0.9741, date 21.05.2007 "On the Higher Education in the Republic of Albania"

Last modified: 01.10.2014